amaqiniso amakhowe fun
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30 Amaqiniso Amakhowe Amangazayo Ongawabelana Nabangane Bakho Nomndeni

Kukhona njalo indlela yokuzijabulisa nomndeni nabangane noma nini lapho uthola amakhowe. Ngakho-ke, ukwazi amaqiniso athile ajabulisayo amakhowe kuzokwenza umuzwa wakho wamakhowe ube mnandi.

amaqiniso amakhowe fun

Abathandi bamakhowe bangafakazela iqiniso lokuthi amakhowe amnandi futhi ayathakazelisa futhi ahlukile kwesinye isikhathi awajwayelekile nje.

Nokho, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi imiphi imicabango yakho ngabo, empeleni kuwufanele ukuzama nabangane nomndeni.

Futhi akunakuphikwa ukuthi badlala indima ebaluleke kakhulu emhlabeni wethu futhi banjalo kubalulekile ku-ecosystem.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, bengeza umehluko wokunambitheka okusha ekudleni kwakho futhi banikeze a inani elikhulu yezinzuzo zokwelapha nezomsoco.

Nawa amakhowe amangalisayo amaqiniso amnandi ukukusiza ukuthi uqonde kangcono lokhu kudla okuyingqayizivele.

30 Amaqiniso Amakhowe Amangazayo

Ukuba umlimi wakho kungase kuphumule kakhulu, ngakho-ke, uma utshala amakhowe uwedwa, kungaba nomvuzo omkhulu. 

Nawa amaqiniso okukhulisa amakhowe angakusiza ngeyakho abangani nomndeni:

1. Amakhowe Asebenzisa Ukukhulisa Iseli Ukuze Akhule

Amakhowe akhula ngokushesha kangangokuthi ngezinye izikhathi kubukeka sengathi avela ndawo. Nokho, ezinye izinhlobo zala makhowe zingakhula futhi zizothatha isikhathi esingaphansi kosuku noma ezimbili ukuze zikhule.

Kodwa, amakhowe amaningi azodinga izinsuku ezengeziwe ukuze akhule ngendlela efanele. Lokhu-ke kubiza isineke kunoma ubani oyitshalayo. 

Uma kufanele uthakasele, amakhowe angakhula ngokushesha uma eqhathaniswa nezinye izitshalo nezilwane.

Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi, izitshalo nezilwane zisebenzisa uhlobo oluthile lokuhlukaniswa kwamaseli ukuze zikhule, futhi lokhu kuyinqubo ehamba kancane edinga isikhathi namandla.

Ezigabeni zokuqala, la makhowe asebenzisa ukuhlukaniswa kwamaseli ukuze akhiqize ukukhula kwawo. Kodwa, esikhathini esithile, bakhulisa amandla okuzikhulela ngokuzimela baye ekuvuthweni. 

Njengezitshalo, zidinga izinga elithile lokukhuliswa, njengokufafazwa kwamanzi kanye nemisoco eyanele ukusiza inqubo yokukhula. 

2. Ungakwazi Ukutshala Amakhowe Kukhadibhodi Esenziwe Kabusha

Ingabe lokhu kuzwakala kungavamile noma kungenalo iqiniso kuwe? Akufanele, lokhu kungenxa yokuthi ukutshala lawa makhowe ekhadini kuyimvelo njengoba uvame ukwengeza ukubaluleka okwengeziwe emjikelezweni wawo wokuphila.  

Uma amakhowe can zikhule kahle ezingodweni noma izihlahla ezinjengamakhowe e-oyster, khona-ke zingakhula kahle ekhadini.

Nakuba, amakhadibhodi awanazo imisoco eyanele ukuwenza akhule ngendlela efanele kodwa ngeke kuphazamise ukukhula kwawo njengoba uzobe usebenzisa ama-substrates athile. 

Kuyathakazelisa ukuthi amakhowe nawo azokhula ephepheni futhi ngeke uthande ukucabanga ukuthi azobukeka enempilo kangakanani uma uwabona esevuthiwe. 

3. Amakhowe Awadingi Isikhala Esiningi Ukuze Akhule

Ungacishe ungawafanisi amakhowe nezinye izitshalo ngoba awadingi inani izinsiza ezidingekayo ukuze zikhule. 

Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi ngokuvamile kuzodinga amandla amancane, amanzi, nendawo ukuze kukwazi ukukhiqiza inani elikhulu lokudla. 

Ngaphezu kwalokho, kufanele wazi ukuthi inani lamakhowe ofuna ukuwakhiqiza lizoncika kuphela endleleni awenza ngayo kanye nohlobo lwamakhowe ofuna ukuwakhiqiza. 

Amakhowe akhiqiza kancane azothatha u-0.03m2 kuphela ukukhiqiza ikhilogremu eyodwa yamakhowe, uma kuqhathaniswa nokudla okuningi noma izitshalo. 

Ungatshala amakhilogremu angama-7 - 25 amakhowe ngonyawo lwesikwele noma amakhilogremu angama-35 - 125 ngemitha yesikwele ngonyaka, kuye ngohlobo lwekhowe.

Amakhowe ama-oyster akhiqiza u-100 - 125 kg (220 - 276lb) ngonyaka futhi angamakhowe anesivuno esikhulu, futhi epulazini lethu, sithola 

4. Amakhowe Awayidingi Indawo Engabizi Inyumba Ebizayo

Abantu abaningi bazocabanga ukuthi ukutshala amakhowe kudinga uhlobo oluthile lwendawo ebizayo eyinyumba kanye ne-substrate eshisayo. 

Ngenhlanhla yakho, lokhu akulona iqiniso, futhi uma ufisa ukuqala ukutshala amakhowe, ungaqala ngaphandle kokugqekeza ibhange ukuze uthole imishini ebizayo.

Kodwa-ke, sizophakamisa ukuthi noma ubani ofisa ukuqala ipulazi lamakhowe angahlala namakhowe e-oyster akhula ngokushesha futhi kufanele atshalwe ezindaweni zekhofi ezingadliwe.

Uma uvumelana nalokhu, uzoyithola ngokushesha ukuze ubone imiphumela yakho, futhi izokunikeza amandla athile. Kulula ngandlela-thile ukufunda.  

Uma ufisa ukusebenzisa utshani, ungayisebenzisa njenge-substrate, ungaphinda uyigcobe usebenzisa amasu asebenzisa amanzi abandayo alula kakhulu.

Amaqiniso Amakhowe Omlando

Amaqiniso Amakhowe Omlando

5. Kwakukhona Amakhowe Amakhulu Emhlabeni

Amakhowe amakhulu ayengamafidi angu-24 (7.3 amamitha) ubude namafidi angu-3 ububanzi futhi ayesemhlabeni wonke eminyakeni engaphezu kwezigidi ezingu-90 edlule, lapho zonke ezinye izitshalo zingafinyelela amafidi ambalwa ubude.

Insalela etholwe eSaudi Arabia eyahlaziywa ngamakhemikhali iveza ukuthi isilwane esibude obungamafidi angu-20 (amamitha angu-6) kwakuyisikhunta esashabalala eminyakeni engaphezu kwezigidi ezingu-350 edlule.

UJohn William Dawson, waseCanada, wathola okokuqala izinsalela zalezi zinto eziphilayo, ezaziwa ngokuthi i-phototaxis, ngo-1859. 

Kuze kube ngu-2007, lapho ucwaningo lufinyelela esiphethweni sokuthi empeleni amakhowe ayewuhlobo oluthile lwamakhowe amakhulu.

Nokho, akubona bonke abaqinisekayo ngoba kusengenakwenzeka ngososayensi ukuba bafanekisele ikhowe elikhulu kangaka.

6. Abantu Babesebenzisa Amakhowa Eminyakeni Engu-5300 Edlule

Endaweni yeqhwa encibilikayo e-Italy Alps, abaqwali bezintaba bathola isidumbu esidala ngo-1991 esasineminyaka engu-5,300 XNUMX ubudala.

Indoda yeqhwa yethiwa igama elithi Otzi ngabacwaningi, futhi isisize saqonda indlela abantu ababephila ngayo.

Wayephethe izinhlobo ezimbili zamakhowe ezihlukene, okuyinto ethokozisayo ngoba kukhombisa ukuthi abantu base benezinkulungwane zeminyaka besebenzisa amakhowe.

Ezintanjeni zesikhumba ezihlukene, wayephethe izingcezu ezimbili ze-birch polypore (Piptoporus betulinus).

Ukwengeza, isikhwama sesikhumba siqukethe izingcezu eziningi ze-tinder polypore (Fomes fomentarius).

7. Abantu baseGibhithe Basendulo Babegcinele Abasebukhosini Amakhowa

Abantu baseGibhithe lasendulo babebiza amakhowe njengezitshalo ezingafi futhi bacabanga ukuthi ayisipho esivela kuNkulunkulu esakhiwa eminyakeni engaphezu kuka-4600 XNUMX edlule.

Ngenxa yokuthi ayehlonishwa kakhulu, abantu basebukhosini kuphela ababengawadla amakhowe, futhi abantu abavamile babengavunyelwe ukuwathinta.

Amaqiniso Okudla Amakhowe

Lapho ubheka amakhowe, kunezinhlelo zokusebenza ezimbalwa ezinhle kakhulu zokuhlonza amakhowe ezisiza ngokuhlonza amakhowe. Kodwa ngaso sonke isikhathi phutha ohlangothini lokuqapha.

Ungayifaki engozini uma ungaqiniseki ngekhowe. Kungakho. Iphesenti elilodwa lawo wonke amakhowe aziwayo angakubulala, amaphesenti angama-20 angakugulisa, futhi cishe amaphesenti angama-50 awadleki kodwa aphephile.

Abathengi kufanele baqaphele lawa maqiniso mayelana namakhowe:

8. Amakhowe anento Ebulala Kakhulu Emhlabeni

Amakhowe we-Death cap aqukethe ama-atoxins akwazi ukubekezelela amazinga okushisa okupheka futhi, lapho edliwa, alimaza ngokushesha amaseli kuwo wonke umzimba.

Ama-atoxin adala ukungakhululeki okukhulu kwesisu, ukuhlanza, isifo sohudo, nokoma phakathi namahora ayi-12. Futhi phakathi namahora angu-72, kuba nokulimala okukhulu kwesibindi, okungase kubangele ukufa noma ukuquleka.

9. Amakhowe Akha Izindandatho Zezinganekwane

Izindandatho zezinganekwane ziyindilinga yamakhowe akhula ngokwemvelo futhi aphindaphindeka minyaka yonke ezindaweni ezihlala emahlathini nasezindaweni ezinotshani.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, izindandatho zezinganekwane zihehe abantu abavela kuwo wonke umhlaba izinkulungwane zeminyaka, futhi ziyingqikithi yezindaba eziningi nezinganekwane. Nokho, kukhona ukuthethelelwa ngokwesayensi.

10. Amakhowa kanye nama Toadstools Kuyafana

I-toadstool kanye nekhowe yizinto ezifanayo, ngokwesayensi. Ama-Toadstool awawona uhlobo oluthile noma iqembu lesikhunta, ngakho-ke ayikho indlela yokuwahlukanisa ngokuqondile.

Kodwa-ke, abantu bavame ukubiza amakhowe adliwayo, anobuthi, noma anemibalabala ngokuthi amakhowe. Ama-Toadstools ngokuvamile afika engqondweni njengamakhowe anemibala egqamile anamakepisi ahlukene kanye neziqu.

Amaqiniso Amakhowe Adliwayo

Amaqiniso Amakhowe Adliwayo

11. Amakhowa Angashintsha Ipulasitiki Abe Ukudla

Ngo-2011 no-2017, ososayensi bahlonza isikhunta sokuqala esikwazi ukudiliza ipulasitiki ye-polyurethane.

Kusukela ngaleso sikhathi, kuye kwabonakala izinhlobo ezingaphezu kuka-50 zamakhowe ezikwazi ukugaya nokuncibilikisa izinhlobo ezihlukahlukene zamapulasitiki.

12. Inkinobho, iCremini, kanye nePortobello Mushrooms Amakhowe Afanayo

Ikhowe le-Agaricus bisporus liwuhlobo olufanayo nawo wonke amanye. Iminyaka yabo iyodwa umehluko.

I-Baby Agaricus bisporus ikhiwa lapho amakhowe esemancane futhi emhlophe qwa.

Amakhowe ezinkinobho mancane kancane kunamakhowe e-cremini, anamakepisi ansundu futhi awekho ama-gill abonakalayo.

Ukwengeza, i-Agaricus bisporus evuthiwe ibonakala kuma-portobellos, amakhulu kakhulu, anemiqhele ensundu eyisicaba, futhi anamagobolondo abonakalayo.

13. Amakhowe Anokunambitheka Okuyisisekelo Kwesihlanu

Sibhekisela ku ukunambitheka okuyingqayizivele okungeke kukhiqizwe ngokuhlanganisa okunye okuthandayo njengokuthandwa okuyisisekelo noma okuyisisekelo.

  • ukunambitheka okulula, okuthambile
  • ukunambitheka okuhlala olimini
  • I-flavour ehlala njalo, ehlala njalo
  • umuzwa omnandi

14. I-Yartsa Gunbu iyikhowe Elidliwayo Elibiza Kakhulu Emhlabeni

Isikhunta esiyisinambuzane eyaziwa ngokuthi i-Yartsa Gunbu, eyaziwa nangokuthi i-caterpillar fungus, ibulala isibungu esisiphethe futhi siyisebenzisela ukutshala ikhowe ekhanda lesibungu.

Amakhowe abiza kakhulu emhlabeni, abiza u-$50,000 ngephawundi ngalinye (£80,500 ngekhilogremu) noma u-$2,000 ngewunsi eyodwa, futhi ukuwadla kuthathwa njengophawu lwesikhundla.

15. Ososayensi Bakhethe Amakhowa Ayizi-2,189 Njengalawo Adliwayo

Ikhowe eliphephile nelifanele ukudliwa yilelo elithathwa njengelidliwayo.

Kodwa-ke, akulula ngaso sonke isikhathi ukunquma ukuthi amakhowe ayadliwa yini, futhi kuvame ukungezwani mayelana nokuthi yiziphi izinhlobo ezilungele ukusetshenziswa.

Ukukhathazeka kuvela ekuphenduleni okungqubuzanayo kokusabela kumakhowe kanye nakubantu abangezwani kakhulu kunabanye, ngakho-ke kuhlala kuncono ukuba kude nakho. 

Amaqiniso Omsoco Wamakhowe

16. Amakhowe awukudla okungenamandla aphansi

Ukudla okunamandla aphansi kunama-calories ambalwa ngegremu ngayinye kunezinye izinhlobo zokudla. Ukuminyana kokudla kunqunywa ukwakheka kwakho.

Njengoba aqukethe amanzi angama-80-90%, anenani eliphansi lama-calories, awanamafutha, awanayo i-cholesterol, futhi awanayo i-gluten, futhi awanawo amandla aphansi, amakhowe ayindlela enhle kubantu abalawula isisindo sabo. .

17. Amakhowa Asiza Ukulwa Nezifo Ezihlobene Neminyaka

Abacwaningi bathole ukuthi amakhowe acebile nge-glutathione ne-ergothioneine, ama-antioxidants amabili abalulekile asiza ukuvimbela ukuphazamiseka okuhlobene nokuguga.

Lawa ma-antioxidants awavamile kakhulu kumakhowe avamile njengezinkinobho noma amakhowe amhlophe. Nokho, aqukethe okungaphezu kokunye ukudla okuningi.

18. Amakhowe Akhiqiza Uvithamini D

Okuwukuphela kokudla endaweni esanda kukhiqizwa ekhiqiza uvithamini D ngokwemvelo amakhowe.

Cishe wonke amakhowe adliwayo akha amazinga amaningi kaVithamini D lapho evezwe ekukhanyeni kwe-ultraviolet okuvela ekukhanyeni kwelanga noma isibani se-ultraviolet.

Amanye akhiqiza cishe uvithamini D olingana namaphilisi athengwayo.

Amaqiniso Okujabulisayo Amakhowe

Amaqiniso Okujabulisayo Amakhowe

19. Amanye Amakhowa Ayakhanya Ebumnyameni

Abomdabu babiza la makhowe ngokuthi “amakhowe kagesi” futhi bawasebenzisa njengezimbaqa zemvelo njengoba ekhanya ngokukhazimulayo.

Ukuze akhanyise futhi adwebe izinambuzane, amakhowe e-bioluminescent adinga izinto ezaziwa ngokuthi ama-luciferins, ezenza ukukhanya.

Ukuze zisize lezi zilwane ukuba zichume, zisebenzisa lezi zinambuzane ukuze zisakaze izinhlamvu zazo kwezinye izindawo.

20. Amakhowe Enza Odayi Bemvelo Abanemibala

Imibala emihle yemvelo ingadalwa ngokusebenzisa amakhowe yedwa noma ngokuhlanganiswa nezinye izinto.

Usebenzisa inhlanganisela ehlukahlukene yamakhowe nezincibilikisi, ungakha cishe noma yimuphi umbala ongase uwucabange.

21. Ukukhanyisa Kukhulisa Ukukhula kwamakhowe

Ngokocwaningo lwakamuva, abalimi baseJapane sekuyisikhathi eside bekholelwa ukuthi ukushaywa kombani kwandisa ukutholakala kwamakhowe.

Izinhlobo eziningi ezihlukene zamakhowe zisabele kahle ngokulingisa umbani abacwaningi ababevame ukuwuqhumisa. Nokho, amakhowe e-shiitake yiwo athinteka kakhulu.

Isitshalo se-shiitake singaphindaphindeka kane lapho sichayeka emibani engaqondile, okubangela ukuthi amakhowe akhule ngokushesha.

22. Abantu Bakhulisa Izinto Zokufaka I-Mushroom Mycelium

Inkampani ye-biotech i-Ecovative isebenzisa i-mycelium yamakhowe kanye nezinsalela zezolimo Idizayini ukwenza izinto zokupakisha eziqinile, ezivundise ngokugcwele.

Bakha iphakethe le-mycelium besebenzisa okusalile kwezolimo njenge-substrate material.

Lezi zihlanganiswa ne-mycelium ngaphambi kokufakwa esikhunjeni. Ngemuva kwalokho, i-mycelium iyakhula futhi imboze yonke i-substrate. 

23. Ungasebenzisa Amakhowe Njengesibulala-zinambuzane Semvelo

Izibulala-zinambuzane ezimbili ze-organic, ezisekelwe ku-cordyceps ezinesisekelo samakhowe emvelo zazinelungelo lobunikazi yisazi se-mycologist u-Paul Stamets ngo-2011.

Isibulala-zinambuzane sokuqala sihlasela umuhlwa, izintuthwane ezibaziyo nezintuthwane ezicisha umlilo, kanti esesibili sibulala ezinye izinambuzane ezingu-200,000 XNUMX.

Izinhlamvu zamakhowe zivame ukuvimba izinambuzane. Kodwa-ke, i-Stamets yathola ukuthi lapho i-mycelium ikhule ukuze ihlehlise ukukhula, izinambuzane ziyayidla.

24. Kukhona Ikhowe Elizidlayo Uma Likhangwa

Uma ekhethiwe lapho esesesigabeni sezinkinobho ezinamagill amhlophe, amakhowe e-saggy ink cap, aziwa nangokuthi i-shaggy mane noma iwigi yabameli, ayathandeka.

Nokho, kuzodingeka uzilungiselele ngokushesha.

Amazinyo amakepisi kayinki avuthiwe aphenduka aphinki futhi agcwale ngoketshezi olumnyama olugcwele izinhlamvu.

Lolu ketshezi olumnyama lusakaza izinhlayiya njengoba ziconsa phansi. Ikhowe lisebenzisa ukuzigayeka kokudla ngokwalo ngemva kokusabalalisa izinhlamvu.

Amakhowe Life Cycle Facts

Amakhowe Life Cycle Facts

25. Amakhowa ayiSithelo Sesikhunta

Imizimba ethela izithelo noma izitho zokuzala zesikhunta esingaphansi komhlaba esikhulu kakhulu amakhowe.

Amakhowe owabonayo ayisihloko se-iceberg futhi avame ukubala cishe u-5% wesikhunta sisonke, njenge-apula yisithelo sesihlahla sezithelo esikhulu kakhulu.

26. Amakhowa Angadala Ukugeleza Komoya Ukuze Ahlakaze Izinhlamvu

Amakhowe asakaza izinhlamvu ngezigaba ezimbili. Okokuqala, basebenzisa i-surface tension catapults ukuze bakhiphe ama-spores ngobudlova ebusweni be-gill.

Ngemva kwalesi sigaba, kufika lokho okwakucatshangwa ukuthi yisigaba sokungenzi lutho lapho izinhlamvu zazihlakazwa yinoma yimuphi umoya owawukhona ngaphansi kwesiqongo samakhowe.

Kodwa-ke, kuvela ukuthi isigaba sesibili sokusatshalaliswa kwe-spore asikho ngokuphelele nokuthi amakhowe nawo anesandla kulesi sigaba.

27. Amakhowe Angahlala Iminyaka Engalali

Inethiwekhi ye-mycelium engaphansi komhlaba, eyakhiwe izigidi ze-hyphae efana nentambo, iyingxenye enkulu kakhulu yesikhunta.

Umsebenzi oyinhloko we-Mycelium ukuzala ukuze kulondolozwe izinhlobo zayo.

Idinga ukutshala amakhowe, adinga amazinga okushisa athile, namazinga omswakamo, ukuze azalane.

Kuze kube yilapho isimo sezulu sisivuma ukukhiqiza amakhowe nokuhlakaza izinhlamvu, amakhowe athile angahlala ngaphansi komhlaba engasebenzi iminyaka eminingi noma ngisho namashumi eminyaka.

28. Ukhunta Vumela Izihlahla Zikhulume Zodwa

Ubudlelwano be-Symbiotic bukhona phakathi kwezitshalo ezisingathwayo nezihlahla kanye nesikhunta se-mycorrhizal. Isikhunta sihlangana nezimpande zesitshalo futhi sinikeze imisoco ngokushintshanisa ushukela olula.

Nokho, inethiwekhi ye-mycelial yesikhunta yenza kube lula ngezinhlobo eziningi zezitshalo nezihlahla ukushintshanisa ulwazi nezakhi.

29. Isikhunta Sisondelene Ngofuzo Kubantu Kunezitshalo

Ngezinye izikhathi isikhunta zazicatshangwa ngephutha njengezitshalo izazi zesayensi yezinto eziphilayo, kodwa lokhu akusenjalo. 

Okutholwe muva nje kubonisa ukuthi isikhunta sihlobene kakhulu nezilwane kunezitshalo, kuhlanganise nabantu.

Nazi ezinye izici ukuthi ukuhlukanisa isikhunta ezilwaneni:

  • Ngokungafani nezitshalo, ezenza ukondliwa kwazo nge-photosynthesis, zithola izakhi ezivela ezintweni eziphilayo.
  • Njengezilwane ezinomgogodla, isikhunta sinezinto ezine-fibrous okuthiwa i-chitin ezindongeni zamangqamuzana azo. Izitshalo azikwenzi.
  • Isikhunta sidinga ukudla, amanzi, nomoya-mpilo ukuze sibe khona, njengabantu. Bakhipha udoti kanye ne-CO2 ngenkathi besebenzisa i-hyphae yabo ukuthatha imisoco, amanzi, nomoya-mpilo endaweni ebazungezile.

30. Isikhunta yizona zindlela zokuphila ezinkulu kakhulu eMhlabeni

Njengoba behamba befuna ukondliwa, i-mycelium yesikhunta ingakhula futhi isakaze amamayela ngaphansi komhlaba.

Ikhowe eliwuju lodwa (Armillaria ostoyae) e-Malheur National Forest e-Oregon, e-USA, liyinto ephilayo enkulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni.

Isiphetho

Ososayensi bavame ukuthola izinto ezimangalisayo zamakhowe, naphezu kweqiniso lokuthi awakaziwa kakhulu.

Ukunambitheka okuhlukile kanye nendlela yokwenza amakhowe kuwenza abe umphelelisi omuhle futhi onempilo ekudleni kwethu.

Singathola ukutholakala okungaguquki kwamakhowe amasha ngokuzitshalela awethu, futhi izinhlobo eziningi zilula ukwenza kanjalo.

imibuzo ejwayelekile ukubuzwa

Ngo-2013, igrisi yasuswa ku-College Avenue.

Igrisi yeRutgers iku-Parking Lot 8.

I-RU Hungry idale isemishi elinamafutha.

UDavid Littlefield ungumnikazi weRU elambile.

Ngeshwa, i-Rutgers ayinawo amaloli kagrisi.

Lolu uhlobo lwesemishi elinokudla okunamafutha okufana namafrimu, iminwe yenkukhu, izinti ze-mozzarella, nenyama ye-gyro ephaketheni.

Lokhu kwenziwa ukuze kuvikelwe futhi kugcotshwe amathuluzi noma izinto zokusebenza kanye nokuvimbela ukungcola noketshezi ekubangeni umonakalo.

Okuthunyelwe okufanayo

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