Nebulizer Machine: Definition, Types, Uses, and Cleaning

 – Nebulizer Machine –

Learn how to use a gadget that converts liquid medicine to a tiny mist. Want to know more about a nebulizer machine? The answer to your search question can be found in this article. However, the Nebulizer machine comes in both electric and battery-run versions.

Nebulizer Machine

All you Need to Know About Nebulizer Machine

A nebulizer is a small machine that creates a mist out of liquid medication, allowing for quicker and easier absorption of the medication into the lungs.

Typically, nebulizers are electric or battery-powered, and are portable (to carry with you) or designed to sit on a table and be plugged into the wall.

Asthma, cystic fibrosis, COPD, and other respiratory diseases and disorders are often treated with nebulizers.

They break up liquids and suspensions into small aerosol droplets that are inhaled through the device’s mouthpiece using oxygen, compressed air, or ultrasonic power.

We know a mixture of gas and solid or liquid particles as an aerosol.

How to Use a Nebulizer

Your doctor will advise you on how frequently you should use your nebulizer. They will also assist you with any treatment-related instructions.

Take your medication exactly as directed. It’s critical that you follow your doctor’s instructions on how to use your nebulizer and when to use it.

Below are a few steps you need to take when you are about to use a nebulizer.

Preparing to Use a Nebulizer

1. Wash Your Hands 

Start by washing your hands for no less than 20 seconds with soap under running water. Rinse your hands and dry them off with a paper towel. Turn off the faucet using a paper towel.

2. Place the Medication into the Nebulizer

Unscrew the top of the nebulizer cup and put the prescribed medication into the nebulizer. Many types of respiratory medications for nebulizer treatments come in pre-measured doses.

If yours is not pre-measured, measure out the exact amount prescribed for one dose.

Secure the top tightly to prevent the medication from spilling out. Don’t forget to plug the air compressor into an electrical outlet if it is not battery-operated.

‣ Medications that can be put in the nebulizer include inhaled beta-agonist and anticholinergics, inhaled glucocorticoids, and inhaled antibiotics.

Other inhaled medications are available to treat non-respiratory diseases. Not all drugs can be aerosolized.

‣ The jet, or pneumatic, a nebulizer, is the most common type. Newer nebulizers deliver the entire mediation during inhalation.

The nebulizer method, mechanism of aerosol formation, and drug formation can affect nebulizer performance. If you need instructions about how to use your nebulizer, talk to your doctor or respiratory therapist.

 3. Attach the Mouthpiece

Secure it to the nebulizer cup. Although different manufacturers may have slightly different jet nebulizers, most mouthpieces will attach to the top of the nebulizer cup.

Most nebulizers have mouthpieces instead of face masks since masks can lead to facial deposits.

4. Connect the Tubing

Attach one end of the oxygen tubing to the nebulizer cup. On most types of nebulizers, the tubing will connect on the bottom of the cup. Connect the other end of the tubing to an air compressor used for nebulizers.

Using the Nebulizer

5. Turn on the Air Compressor and use the Nebulizer

Put the mouthpiece into your mouth, above the tongue, and keep your lips sealed tightly around it. Inhale slowly and deeply through your mouth so that all the medicine goes into your lungs.

Nebulizer Machine: Definition, Types, Uses, and Cleaning

Exhale either through your mouth or nose. For adults, holding the nose closed can help ensure the medicine is inhaled through the mouth.

‣ Consider using an aerosol mask as an alternative to a mouthpiece for young children or people that are too ill to hold the mouthpiece.

Aerosol masks attach to the top of the nebulizer cup. The mask comes in pediatric and adult sizes.

6. Continue to Inhale the Medication

Sit up and keep inhaling the medication until the mist stops. This usually takes about 10-15 minutes. Once all liquid is gone, the mist stops coming out.

The nebulizer cup should be empty. Distract yourself by watching TV or listening to music.

‣ Set up activity to occupy young children during the nebulizer treatment. Puzzles, books, or coloring may help the child sit still for the length of the treatment.

Ideally, hold the child in your lap, since the child should sit straight up to receive the optimal dosage of medication.

7. Turn off the Nebulizer and clean up

Be sure to unplug it from the outlet and detach the medicine cup and mouthpiece from the tubing. Wash the medicine cup and mouthpiece with warm soapy water and rinse them with water.

Place the equipment on a clean towel to fully air dry. Do this after each treatment and daily.

‣ Don’t wash the tubing. If it gets wet, replace the tubing. Also, don’t put any parts of the nebulizer into a dishwasher to clean it because the heat can warp the plastic.

8. Disinfect the Nebulizer once a week

To disinfect, always follow the manufacturer’s guidelines. Soak all parts, except for the tubing, in one part white distilled vinegar to three parts hot water for one hour.

Discard the solution. Rinse the parts, except for the tubing, in cold water and air dries them on a clean towel. After the parts are dry, store them in a clean area in the case.

‣ For cleanliness, if over one person needs a nebulizer, do not share equipment even if it is washed. Each person should use his or her own nebulizer.


‣ If a significant adverse reaction develops, such as increased wheezing or trouble breathing, while inhaling the medication, or swelling to the mouth, stop using the nebulizer and consult your doctor.

‣ Also, if your symptoms get worse, consult your doctor. Your doctor will prepare you in advance for normal side effects, such as increased heart rate or dizziness, which patients may experience while they use a nebulizer with certain medications.

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Types of Nebulizers

Actually, there are four main types of nebulizers available for now. See the list below.

Nebulizer Machine

1. Jet Nebulizer

The most commonly used nebulizers are jet nebulizers, which are also called “atomizers”. 

Jet nebulizers are connected by tubing to a supply of compressed gas, usually compressed air or oxygen to flow at high velocity through a liquid medicine to turn it into an aerosol that is inhaled by the patient.

Currently, there seems to be a tendency among physicians to prefer the prescription of a Pressurized Metered Dose Inhaler (pMDI) for their patients.

However, jet nebulizers are commonly used in hospitals for patients who have difficulty using inhalers, such as in serious cases of respiratory disease or severe asthma attacks.

They relate the primary advantage of the jet nebulizer to its low operational cost.

2. Mesh Nebulizers 

You can use a mesh cap with tiny holes that help dispense medication efficiently. These nebulizers are newer and often more effective than jet nebulizers.

This new technology provides a metered dose to the user, as the liquid bottom of the inhaler is rotated clockwise 180 degrees by hand, adding a buildup tension into the spring around the flexible liquid container.

When the user activates the bottom of the inhaler, the energy from the spring is released and imposes pressure on the flexible liquid container, causing the liquid to spray out of 2 nozzles, thus forming a soft mist to be inhaled.

The device features no gas propellant and no need for battery/power to operate.

They measured the average droplet size in the mist to 5.8 micrometers, which could show some potential efficiency problems for the inhaled medicine to reach the lungs. 

3. Ultrasonic Wave Nebulizer

Ultrasonic wave nebulizers were invented in 1965 as a new type of portable nebulizer.

The technology inside an ultrasonic wave nebulizer is to have an electronic oscillator generate a high-frequency ultrasonic wave, which causes the mechanical vibration of a piezoelectric element.

This vibrating element is in contact with a liquid reservoir and its high-frequency vibration suffices to produce a vapor mist.

As they create aerosols from ultrasonic vibration instead of using a heavy air compressor, they only have a weight of around 170 grams (6.0 oz).

Another advantage is that the ultrasonic vibration is almost silent. Examples of these more modern types of nebulizers are Omron NE-U17 and Beurer Nebulizer IH30.

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Choosing the best Nebulizer Machine

Doctors may prescribe nebulizer equipment to patients who have respiratory problems. A user can pick between a stationary nebulizer and a portable nebulizer with a rechargeable battery that can be used on the go.

Choosing the best Nebulizer Machine

Interestingly, with this guide below, you will make the right choice as you choose the best nebulizer machine.

Nebulizers vs. Inhalers

In many scenarios, nebulizers and inhalers can be equally effective, but sometimes nebulizers are preferable. For 10 to 15 minutes or longer, nebulizers deliver a continuous mist of medication that you breathe.

During treatment, you can breathe normally via your mouth.

Inhalers deliver medication in small bursts. You must coordinate your breath with them in order to inhale the drug rapidly and deeply.

After that, you must hold your breath in order for the medicine to enter your system. Inhalers may not deliver medication to your lungs as effectively as nebulizers if you’re having problems breathing.

In addition, several COPD medications, such as metaproterenol and acetylcysteine, can only be administered via nebulizers rather than inhalers.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Nebulizer Machine

The following are the merits and demerits of Nebulizer Machine


‣ To use correctly, they require less training than inhalers.

‣ During a COPD attack, they may be more beneficial and easier to use than an inhaler.

‣ They may be more convenient for administering high quantities of medicine.


‣ They require a long time to use, as slow breathing takes 10–15 minutes.

‣ Inhalers are less expensive, but these are more expensive.

‣ They require a source of power.

Finally, nebulizers are machines that transform liquid drugs into a fine mist, making it easier for the lungs to absorb them. They’re used to treat a range of illnesses, such as COPD, asthma, and cystic fibrosis, and they’re sometimes combined with inhalers.

Nebulizers come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Which type is best for you will be determined by your doctor. They’ll also show you how to use it and take care of it.

How Nebulizers Works

A nebulizer delivers liquid medication via pressurized air. While individuals with asthma typically use both nebulizers and inhalers, occasionally, a nebulizer may be easier to use — especially for young children who may not have the proper technique for an inhaler.

However, when airways become narrow — like during an asthma attack — an inhaler is most likely the best choice because a nebulizer can take some time to set up.

Examples of medications used in nebulizers include:

‣ Bronchodilators are drugs that help to open up the airway.

‣ Medical-grade saline (saltwater) solutions are solutions that help break up mucus in the lungs.

‣ Antibiotics are used to help treat or prevent infections.

Your doctor will determine which medications you need to take via the nebulizer based on your individual needs. You may receive premixed containers of liquid that can be opened and placed in the machine, or you may have to mix the solution before each use.

Not every medication can be delivered with a nebulizer. Certain medications like steroids need to be administered via an inhaler.

Top Portable Nebulizers

The top portable nebulizers to be aware of are listed below.

1. Philips InnoSpire Go Portable Mesh Nebulizer

This device is appropriate for both adults and children, and it can treat as little as four minutes. This creates a tiny aerosol mist using vibrating mesh technology.

It has a two-part construction that may make cleaning easier. Also, it includes a long-lasting rechargeable lithium-ion battery that can supposedly offer thirty treatments on a single charge.

The machine can be used with just the mouthpiece or with the LiteTouch mask that comes with it. It is available for purchase on the Philips website, but ordering one requires a valid doctor’s prescription.

2. DeVilbiss Traveler Portable Compressor Nebulizer System

This device, according to the makers, is one of the tiniest on the market. Over the course of 10 minutes, it distributes small, concentrated particles.

This machine has filters that capture dust, preventing people from inhaling it while it’s running.

It is possible to purchase this model with or without a rechargeable battery. This rechargeable battery has a 45-minute run time.

Even if it isn’t included, the Traveler comes with a car adaptor, allowing it to be used away from home.

Whether or not a person chooses a rechargeable battery affects the price. It also features a universal design that allows it to accept any tubing or mouthpiece.

The flexible tubing on this gadget is kink-resistant and latex-free.

It also comes with varying sizes of masks, making it suitable for adults and children.

3. Pari Trek S Portable Aerosol System

When you buy the Pari Trek S Portable Aerosol System, you get both the main and backup nebulizers. Individuals have the option of using the device with a lithium-ion battery or a power adaptor.

The optional battery has a 40-minute runtime. The device is covered by a 6-month warranty, while the compressor is covered by a 3-year warranty.

Every six months, the reusable cup must be replaced. Both adults and children can use the nebulizer.

The average treatment time is 5–6 minutes, and tiny particles are used. The flexible tubing on this gadget is kink-resistant and latex-free.

4. Sunset Healthcare NEB400 Mini Mesh Nebulizer

There is no rechargeable battery in the Sunset Healthcare Mini Mesh Nebulizer. Instead, it is powered by two AA batteries or the USB cord that comes with it. The machine is extremely silent when in use.

There are masks for adults and children included with the Mini Mesh, as well as a regular mouthpiece for oral and nasal inhalation.

Because it produces little particles, it may be suitable for lower respiratory tract problems. While the business claims to offer rapid treatments, it does not provide specific times.

The device is small, and it comes with a convenient travel bag.

Adults and children with respiratory problems may benefit from nebulizer equipment. Because standard nebulizers can be cumbersome, a portable unit may be more convenient for someone who travels frequently.

Individuals should consider particle size, machine durability, the convenience of use, noise level, battery alternatives, weight, and insurance coverage when purchasing a portable nebulizer.

In addition, when using the device, a person should follow the manufacturer’s recommendations and visit a doctor if they are concerned about any potential negative effects.

Nebulizer Machine Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Which Nebulizer is the Best?

Omron NE C28 Compressor Nebulizer

Dr. Morepen Piston Compressor Motor Nebulizer C-10

Handynab Nulife Pistontype Compressor Nebulizer

Thermocare TP-GIO1 Piston Compressor Nebulizer with Complete Kit Neb (White & Blue)

Q2. What is the Purpose of the Nebulizer Machine?

Nebulizers are machines that turn liquid medications into a fine mist, allowing for easy absorption into the lungs. They are used for a variety of health conditions, including COPD, asthma, and cystic fibrosis, and are sometimes used with inhalers.

Q3. What is a Nebulizer?

nebulizer is a small machine that creates a mist out of liquid medication, allowing for quicker and easier absorption of the medication into the lungs.

Q3. Which is the Best Nebulizer (Model + Brand) Available in India?

Agaro Compressor Nebulizer NB-21

MCP Handy Compressor Nebulizer

Equinox Compressor Nebulizer NL-72

Dr Trust Bestest Compressor Nebulizer

Omron Compressor Nebulizer NEC-101

Medtech Handyneb Compressor Nebulizer Pistontype

Philips Home Nebulizer with SideStream Disposable Kit

Rossmax Piston Nebulizer NA-100

Dr. Morepen Compressor Nebulizer CN-10

Control D Blue & White Compressor Nebulizer Kit

 Q4. What is a Nebulizer Machine, and How do You Buy the Best One?

nebulizer is a small machine that creates a mist out of liquid medication, allowing for quicker and easier absorption of the medication into the lungs.

Compatibility with the medical condition. The choice of the device should be tailored to your condition.

Age, physical & cognitive ability of patients.

Efficiency of device.


Surrounding factor.

Multiple-dose convenience.


 Q5. What is the Difference Between a Nebulizer and a Vaporizer?

Both nebulizers and vaporizers produce aerosols for inhalation, but a vaporizer uses a heating element. Both allow aerosols to be directly inhaled into the airways.

Q6. How Long Does a Nebulizer Machine Last?

Nebulizers deliver a continuous mist of medication that you breathe for 10 to 15 minutes or longer

Q7. What is the Difference Between Rotacaps and a Nebulizer?

Rotacap is an instrument that delivers the medicine in a capsule directly to the lung when it is broken inside and inhaled through it.

Nebuliser is an instrument that produces a fine

Q8. How do I Use a Nebulizer for Asthma?

Wash your hands well.

Connect the hose to an air compressor.

Fill the medicine cup with your prescription.

Attach the hose and mouthpiece to the medicine cup.

Place the mouthpiece in your mouth.

Breathe through your mouth until all the medicine is used.

Turn off the machine when done.

 Q9. Will a Nebulizer Work the Same as a Ventilator?

Compared to baseline, nebulization lowered the air leakage volume displayed on the ventilator. There were no differences in ventilator performance between different nebulizer positions. Conclusions: The closer the nebulizer was to the exhalation valves or ventilator, the lower the aerosol delivery efficiency.

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