| | |

Irish vs Scots | What’s the Difference Between Irish and Scottish Gaelic?

– Irish vs Scots –

Irish vs Scots might be similar in many ways. Although they vary in different ways. We can capitalize on their dressing, drinks, food, and a little to their language.

We recognize Scotland for its many whisky variations. Visiting one of the 109 distilleries in Scotland is an excellent way to sample the country’s national drink.

They have produced Scottish whisky since the 11th century.

While, For decades, horse racing has been a significant part of Irish culture. But the country has also produced possibly the best jockey to ever live and compete in the sport.

Although, Geographically, only the short Irish Sea divides Scotland and Ireland. But culturally, centuries of history separate them.

Both are Celtic nations with lengthy histories of conflict with England, and both have had a significant impact on the United States.

Nonetheless, they are independent countries with distinct histories and customs. Even if they are related.

Also, we know Ireland for leprechauns, St. Patrick, and the shamrock, whereas Scotland for kilts, tartans, and the Loch Ness Monster.

This implies that The true differences are much more profound.


Who are the Scottish People?

Irish vs Scots

The Scots (Scots: Scots Fowk; Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich) are a Scottish nation and ethnic group. In the early Middle Ages, they arose from a fusion of two Celtic-speaking peoples.

The Picts and Gaels created the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century.

The Celtic-speaking Cumbrians of Strathclyde and the Germanic-speaking Angles of north Northumbria. became part of Scotland over the next two centuries.

During the Davidian Revolution of the 12th century, a few Norman aristocrats migrated to the Lowlands.

The Norse-Gaels of the Western Isles joined Scotland in the 13th century. Followed by the Norse of the Northern Isles in the 15th century.

Although, currently, “Scottish people” or “Scots” refers to anyone with Scottish linguistic, cultural, ancestral, or genetic roots.

The Latin word Scotti originally referred to the Gaels. but it has since come to refer to all Scots.

Some people consider the name Scotch to be derogatory. Yet they have also applied it to Scottish individuals living outside of Scotland.

Who are the Irish People?

The Irish (Irish: Muintir na hÉireann or Na hÉireannaigh) are an ethnic group and nation native who share a common history and culture with the island of Ireland.

 There have been humans in Ireland for about 33,000 years, and it has been inhabited for over 10,000 years continually. 

For most of Ireland’s recorded history, the Irish have been primarily a Gaelic people

Although, as in the 9th century, small numbers of Vikings settled in Ireland. Who then became the Norse-Gaels

 But in the 12th century, Anglo-Normans conquered parts of Ireland while in the 16th/17th-century England’s conquest and colonisation of Ireland brought many English and Lowland Scots to parts of the island especially the north.

Today, it made Ireland up of the Republic of Ireland (an independent state) and the smaller Northern Ireland (a part of the United Kingdom).

The people of Northern Ireland hold various national identities including British, Irish, Northern Irish, or some combination thereof.

The Irish have their own mythology, customs, language, music, dance, sports, and cuisine.

Although Irish (Gaeilge) was once their first language, most Irish people now speak English as their first language.

Historically, The Irish country comprised family groups or clans. and they had their own religion, law system, alphabet, and dress style.

Throughout history, there have been many prominent Irish people. Following Ireland’s conversion to Christianity, Irish missionaries and scholars had a significant impact on Western Europe.

More Facts on Who are the Irish People?

And they dubbed the Irish “saints and scholars.” Columbanus, an Irish monk and missionary from the sixth century, is considered one of Europe’s “fathers.”

The population of Ireland is about 6.9 million, but they estimated that 50 to 80 million people around the world have Irish forebears.

Making the Irish diaspora one of the largest of any nation. Historically, emigration from Ireland has resulted from conflict, famine, and economic issues.

They found mainly people of Irish descent in English-speaking countries. Especially Great Britain, the United States, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia.

There are also significant numbers in Argentina, Chile, Mexico, and Brazil. The United States has the most people of Irish descent.

While, in Australia, those of Irish descent are a higher percentage of the population than in any other country outside Ireland.

Many Icelanders have Irish and Scottish Gaelic forebears.

Irish Folklore

Ireland’s folklore and mythology are among the most diverse in Europe. Not only are there many stories.

But they are also inextricably linked to the terrain (providing meaning and story to diverse rocks, hills, lakes, and rivers). Are still passed down from generation to generation.

These oral stories have various offshoots, different versions, and extensions depending on the storyteller and the audience.

Many of the characters appear in multiple stories. But the main “pantheon” of Irish folklore includes:

  1. But the main “pantheon” of Irish folklore comprises Finn McCool (or Fionn Mac Cumhail). The angry giant who built the Giant’s Causeway to fight a Scottish giant;
  2. Diarmuid and Grainne, Ireland’s tragic lovers à la Romeo and Juliet.
  3. Cuchulainn the Hound of Ulster and mortal enemy of Connacht’s impressive warrior queen Queen Maeve, they fought great wars over a giant magical bull.
  4. The Children of Lir who were turned into swans for 900 years by a jealous stepmother
  5. Oisin, the warrior son of Finn McCool. 
  6. The Tuatha Dé Dannan is a supernatural race of beings that evolved into the sídhe (pronounced “shee”). which are what today we know as fairies and by extension, the infamous leprechauns. 
  7. Cailleach of Beara, a divine hag responsible for winter weather various neolithic sites are associated with her
  8. The Salmon of Knowledge.

More on Irish Folklore

There are many lesser-known stories about Irish folklore many of which are connected with the rolling emerald landscape itself.

Even after Christianity arrived, it just melded with Irish mythology. The Gateway to the Fairy World became the Gateway to Hell.

the pagan goddess Brigid was canonized and many other Celtic pagan notions, customs, and characters were simply Christianized.

They intertwined the Irish landscape with folklore, and it is a significant component of Irish culture and tradition.

Stories are used to explain why that strange-looking rock is there, and what that ancient (Neolithic) mound is. and why a tree developed in a specific location.

Storytellers are and have always been adored.

For a long time, few people could speak English or read, so oral storytelling became extremely important.

And this emphasis on storytelling has resulted in a rich literary tradition. And many Irish authors, poets, playwrights, and writers, are proportional to the size of the Irish population.

Scottish Folklore

Although mythology and folklore are not as prominent in Scottish society as they are in Irish culture they are present.

The Loch Ness monster. A dinosaur-like beast that lurks in the depths of one of Scotland’s greatest lochs, is undeniably one of Scotland’s most popular tourist attractions.

When visiting Scotland, Nessie isn’t the only water-based tale to keep a watch out for.

Kelpies are shape-shifting ghosts who are thought to live in Scottish rivers and lochs.

They usually take the shape of a horse, but in some myths, they adopt the form of a human to lure people to their deaths in the water.

They think these legends have been told to scare children away from deep water.

The Kelpies monument, which comprises two 30-meter high horse-head sculptures, is located in Falkirk.

The monument honors Scotland’s horse-powered past rather than mythical creatures.

With towns, castles, and even country roads filled with ghost stories, Scotland is the ideal place for a little “dark tourism.”

A tour of Edinburgh’s underground city. Larger structures progressively overwhelmed A former neighborhood and slum.

And sealed during the outbreak of bubonic plague, is available for the courageous and curious.

We must mention unicorns in any discussion of Scottish myths and tales. Scotland’s national animal is a legendary beast.

It’s unclear how this happened, but unicorns and Scots have a lot of qualities. Proud and untamed, yet a sign of purity and strength at the same time.

Unicorns were fabled to only succumb to virgin maidens as pure and innocent as the beasts themselves.

Therefore Scottish rulers thought of themselves as unicorn tamers. Therefore, the Scottish frequently show the unicorn with a golden chain around its neck or torso. It was the ultimate symbol of authority.

Who are the Scots-Irish?

Many people of Celtic heritage in the United States wrongly believe they are Irish when they are actually scots-irish

Scots-Irish Americans are the descendants of Scots who lived in Northern Ireland for two or three generations. While maintaining their Scottish identity and Protestant faith.

However, their descendants believe they are Irish because they are mainly unaware of how Scots settled in northern Ireland.

And only know that grandpa’s or grandma’s family Bible reveals they immigrated to America from Ireland.

If your Irish family’s oldest documents or memories are of great-great-grandpa or great-great-grandma from a shire.

Other than County such a bit, you are most likely Scots-Irish. Also, You are most likely Scots-Irish if your Irish ancestors did not arrive in Maryland, Philadelphia, or New York City before 1774.

You are most likely Scots-Irish if your ancestors came over during the Highland Clearances and lost their homes to sheep. Most Irish immigrants arrived during and shortly after the Great Famine.

You are definitely Scots-Irish if your old Irish family photos show more people frowning or looking stern and upright.

The Irish smiled a lot more or at least appeared to grin frequently. Outlaws amid their latest prank.

The Scots-Irish who smiled in images were usually outlaws having a wonderful time. Billy the Kid, who was actually an Irish youngster named McCarty, had the happiest grin of all.

More Details on Who are the Scots-Irish?

Cromwell’s strategy for clearing land in Ireland was to cut it down and put it under the Irish sod.

After 1798, the second wave of clearances in Ireland was to deport the Irish to Australia.

Canada wasn’t far enough away, and they didn’t want the Irish in Canada helping the nascent United States units and replacing them with Englishmen.

Finally, you’re Scots-Irish if your grandmother or grandfather says. We’ve always been nice Baptists or Presbyterians as far as anyone can remember.

And had nothing to do with those idol-worshipping Papists, and then spits.

The only exception to all the above is a group of Irish Quakers who began as true Irish Catholics but eventually became tired of the religious strife.

As did several Scots, English, Welsh, French, and East and Central Europeans. who all arrived at the Philadelphia port of New Castle Delaware in the late 1600s to mid-1700s.

Irish vs Scots| Differences

Irish vs Scots

1. Different Religions

Religion divides the two countries as well. Ireland is predominantly Roman Catholic, with 84.7 percent of the population being Roman Catholic as of 2011.

Northern Ireland is predominantly Protestant, which contributed to the counties’ split from the newly established Republic in major part.

In Scotland, however, just 54% of the population claims to be a Christian of any denomination.

Only 14% are Roman Catholic, whereas over a third belong to the Church of Scotland, a Reformed, or Protestant, spiritual community.

2. Different Governments

Both Ireland and Scotland were once part of the British Empire, but in 1921, most of Ireland declared independence.

Northern Ireland, a member state of the United Kingdom, keeps six counties. The rest of the island and population, however, are part of the independent Republic of Ireland.

Scotland, on the other hand, is a wholly British territory. Invasion by the English began in the Middle Ages.

And they formally united the two countries in 1707. Depending on the outcome of a nationwide referendum on leaving the UK. Scotland may join Ireland in declaring independence.

3. Different Customs

Both Ireland and Scotland share ancient Celtic motifs like the circular cross and sounds like pipe and fiddle music.

Their cultures and practices are very different. The bagpipe is a droning and notoriously loud instrument. That generates both harmonies and melody, originated in Scotland.

Ireland has a traditional bagpipe, but it is smaller and less well-known than its Scots cousin.

The harp, which is featured on the Republic of Ireland’s flag, is the country’s trademark musical instrument.

Haggis, a type of sausage prepared from a sheep’s stomach stuffed with oats and ground beef, is Scotland’s national food.

Ireland is better renowned for its beers, particularly the world-famous Guinness stout. As well as substantial stews and bread.

Interestingly, both countries make signature whiskeys, a word derived from Gaelic but written “whisky” in Scotland.

4. Different Languages

Both countries have native Gaelic languages besides English. According to the 2011 Scottish census, 1.1 percent of the population spoke Scots Gaelic.

By contrast, 41.4 percent of people in the Republic of Ireland spoke Irish Gaelic.

There are more than just demographic differences between Irish and Scots Gaelic.

According to archeologist Dean R. Snow, the two languages diverged approximately A.D. 400.

When Irish immigrants migrated from what is now Northern Ireland’s County Antrim to what is now Scotland’s County Argyll.

Caoimhin P. Donngaile of the University of Highlands and Islands in Scotland. Has created an introductory vocabulary that shows the similarities and distinctions between the two Gaelic languages.

One distinction arises from Ireland’s late-20th-century modification of official Gaelic orthography, which deleted unnecessary letters.

5. Music

These little towns serve as strongholds for Irish culture, including vivid music. A vast pantheon of mythology, and the Irish language.

Irish trad music is one of the few misconceptions about Ireland that is entirely true. The Irish, like the locals, enjoy a good trad music session.

The harp, fiddle, tin whistle, bodhran (a sort of drum), bouzouki (guitar-banjo cross), Uillean pipes (Irish variant of bagpipes). and, more recently, the guitar is all common instruments in Irish trad music.

Even though new songs are written all the time, Irish folk tunes continue to be sung and re-sung.

The timing is one variation from the popular perception of Irish trad music. Many guests expect live music around dinnertime. But in Ireland, music happens well after dinner. 

While Scotland is famous for its bagpipes, which are normally performed by a man in a kilt, right? Although, Bagpipes aren’t the only instrument used in Scottish music.

Traditional music has made a strong comeback in Scotland over the previous two decades.

They hold various music festivals across the country, and folk music is the preferred live music performance in many bars.

The music is ideal for ceilidhs since it lends itself so well to dancing. If you’ve never heard of a ceilidh before.

It’s a popular country dance in Scotland. It comprises many set dances performed with one or more partners.

Ceilidhs are huge right now, and big events like weddings, galas, and fundraisers wouldn’t be complete without a game of ‘Strip the Willow.’

6. Whisk (e) y

Ireland has long been famed for its whiskey (with an ‘e’), one of Europe’s oldest distilled beverages. Which was allegedly brought to Ireland by medieval monks.

Irish whiskey was once the world’s most popular spirit, and it remains so today. The Irish word (uisce beatha) for whiskey, is well-known throughout Ireland.

The European Geographical sign protects Irish whiskey, and there are several requirements for it to be truly Irish. the most essential of which are distillation, production, and labeling in Ireland.

Despite some decrease in previous ages, it has recently experienced a rebound.

Old Bushmills, Jameson, Powers, Redbreast, Teeling, and Tullamore are the most well-known brands. While there are 25 licensed distilleries as of 2019.

It literally means water of life. It’s easy to deduce its historical significance.

While In Scottish Gaelic, we know whiskey as ‘Uisge Beatha,’ which translates to ‘water of life of course.

Whisky (without the ‘e’) is a beloved Scottish custom. The term ‘water of life is thought to have originated because of the distilled beverage’s purported medical properties.

But it is still a highly relevant expression today. Scotland owes a lot to whisky, which is one of the country’s most important exports and tourist attractions.

To be designated as Scotch Whisky. a whisky must be made in one of the recognized whisky regions and aged for at least three years in an oak cask.

Highlands, Lowlands, Islay, Campbeltown, and Speyside are the five regions.

7. Craft Beer

Guinness and its subsidiaries have long dominated the Irish beer scene. But that has been slowly changing in recent years with the emergence of craft breweries.

Such as The White Hag, Lough Gill Brewery, Kinnegar, Bru, West Cork Brewing, Black Donkey, Treaty City, Porterhouse, Eight Degrees, and others.

The number of establishments that offer diverse craft brews is slowly increasing, although they are usually relatively regional.

In the Republic, there are around 40 microbreweries, with another 20 or so in Northern Ireland.

Regional craft beers are becoming increasingly popular in Irish bars, both on tap and in bottles, though keep in mind that most of these brewers are small.

While Tennents may be Scotland’s most popular, consumed, and well-known beer. But the country’s beer output has increased dramatically in recent years.

Craft brewers have also grown in popularity in Scotland, with over 100 registered craft breweries now operating across the country.

BrewDog, Black Isle Brewery, and Stewart Brewing are examples of significant breweries with international notoriety.

Other breweries, such as those in Ireland, are regional, and they mostly sold their products in the region where they are made.

All of this adds to the rarity of these delicious and unusual drinks.

8. Inland Wildlife

However, Scotland and Ireland differ in the Inland Wildlife. While you can view deer and stags in Ireland. particularly in the Killarney, Wicklow, and Glenveagh National Park.

The Scottish Highlands is the greatest area to watch these majestic stags. The ideal time to see deer in Scotland is during the mating season in the autumn.

When the males begin to rut. Keep a watch out for golden eagles, goshawks, peregrine falcons, osprey, and owls. And other birds of prey in Scotland. where there are vast expanses of land.

9. Wildlife and Rewilding

Rewilding is a recent trend in Scotland, championed by billionaire Danish investor, Anders Povlsen.

Who is the largest private landowner in Scotland after the Royals. He is trying to rewild Scotland by planting trees and protecting large swathes of land. And bringing back wild animals and their natural habitats.

On his estates the grazing of sheep and deer is limited, to allow the native woodland flora and fauna to regenerate.

These projects should support threatened species in Scotland like the wildcat, the golden eagle, osprey, and capercaillie.

However, at the expense of the massive red deer populations that have long dominated the Highlands. Estate owners propagate their presence for hunting and shooting.

Rewilding has also sparked a discussion of bringing wolves and lynx to Scotland where they once roamed freely. However, these discussions are essentially theoretical.

Irish vs Scots| Similarities 

Irish vs Scots

1. Attitude

The Scots and the Irish have a distinct way of looking at life. Perhaps it’s because of common history and culture. or because of climate and terrain similarities.

However, the national features are undeniably compatible. So, what is that mentality?

At the risk of generalizing, neither the Irish nor the Scots take themselves too seriously. They have a dry, sometimes grim sense of humor in common.

Both Ireland and Scotland have a reputation for being friendly. Their kindness and hospitality will entice guests from far and wide.

When people slag (making fun of) you, you’ll know you’re truly welcomed.

2. Landscapes 

It would be hard to list all of Ireland’s breathtakingly beautiful spots. To name a few, the Ring of Kerry, Wicklow Mountains, Connemara, Cliffs of Moher, Achill Island, and Skellig Michael.

Glencoe, Loch Ness, the Cairngorms, Eilean Donan, Orkney, and the Isle of Skye are just a few of Scotland’s spectacular views.

The ‘Wild Atlantic Way’ is a 2500 km (1553 mile) driving route that runs along Ireland’s west coast. Meanwhile, Scotland’s version of Route 66 is the ‘North Coast 500.’

They are made both up of winding, single-track roads that are frequently hair-raising.

However, both excursions to Ireland and Scotland will reward you with some of the world’s most stunning scenery.

3. Shared History

The historical ties that bind Ireland and Scotland are extensive. The Irish Saint Columba founded a monastery on the Scottish island of Iona in the early Middle Ages.

Later, Irish chieftains hired Scottish mercenary warriors known as Gallowglasses, who were feared by all who encountered them.

Thousands of Scots settled in Ulster in the 17th century, influencing the culture and even the accent.

A considerable number of Irish people immigrated to Scotland. Ireland and Scotland have shared some of history’s most catastrophic events.

They forced thousands of Scots to flee their homes during the Highland Clearances in the nineteenth century.

In the same century, the Great Famine killed a million Irish people and drove a million more to seek better lives over the water.

Millions of people around the world can trace their ancestors to these valiant Irish and Scottish survivors.

Irish vs Scots

Frequently Asked Questions on Irish vs Scots


The fundamental distinction between Irish and Scottish is that the former refers to those who live in Ireland, whereas the latter refers to people who live in Scotland.

Scotland is in the northern section of Great Britain, while Ireland is in Northwestern Europe. 



The arrival of significant numbers of Irish immigrants in Scotland alarmed the Scots. Prior to 1880.

Many Irish immigrants were devout Catholics. Scotland was a Protestant country, and Scots were concerned that Catholicism would return.


The Wars of the Three Kingdoms. often known as the British Civil Wars.

Were a series of interconnected battles that occurred between 1639 and 1653 in the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland. The three independent kingdoms ruled by the same king, Charles I.


There are certain similarities between Ireland and Scotland.

They are both related to the Celtic people who settled in what is now Scotland and Ireland.

They have also shared a history of belonging to the United Kingdom, including efforts to declare independence.


Choose Scotland if you want to view the most diversified natural scenery in the least amount of time.

While Ireland’s natural beauty is breathtaking, Scotland’s is significantly more stunning and diverse.


These ancient forebears and modern populations of Scotland and Ireland share very little DNA.

Instead, most of their genetic makeup may be traced back to Celtic tribes who migrated from Central Europe at least 2,500 years ago.

More Frequently Asked Questions on Irish vs Scots


It lasted from his arrival in Larne in 1315. To his defeat and death in County Louth in 1318 at the Battle of Faughart.

The struggle between the Irish, Scoto-Normans, and Hiberno-Normans was part of the First War of Scottish Independence.


Other Irish migrants were establishing footholds along the coast as far south as Wales and even Cornwall.

but the migrants from Dál Riata were notable because we knew them to the Romans as “Scotti.”

And they would eventually give their Gaelic language and name to all of what is today.


If you enjoy visiting castles, Scotland and Ireland are for you.

There are more castles per capita in Scotland than in any other country, and Ireland has some of the most gorgeous castles on the planet.

In each country, the castles vary.


The population of Scotland was 96.0 percent white, down 2.0 percent from 2001.

91.8 percent of respondents said they were “White: Scottish” or “White.

Other British. The population of Asian, African, Caribbean, or Black, Mixed, or Other ethnic groups doubled to 4%.

From 4.2 percent of persons who identified as Polish, Irish, Gypsy/Traveller, or Other ethnic group.

Both Scottish and Irish Gaelic share a common ancestor: the Celts.

They widely speak Scottish Gaelic in the north of Scotland, while Irish Gaelic is largely spoken in the western part of Ireland.

We hope you loved this article, and it has been useful to you. Let us know your thoughts and suggestions in the comment section. 

Also, share with your loved ones and active media accounts.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *