Differences Between GPT and MBR: Which One Is Better for You?
MBR vs. GPT, which one is better, and what is the difference between GPT and MBR? Well in this article we will explain these 2 aspects in detail.
Many people have no idea when making a choice between MBR and GPT. And they eagerly hope that someone can tell them the master boot record vs. GUID Partition Table, which one is better or which one they should choose.
Are you troubled by such an issue? If so, this post is what you’re looking for which clearly shows the exact difference between MBR and GPT, as well as how to choose the most appropriate one for your own HDD and how to set your SSD to MBR or GPT.
Differences Between GPT and MBR
BIOS and UEFI are interfaces that boot your machine. While they both serve the same purpose, they are different. BIOS is older (it’s been around since the 80s) and any new system purchased since 2010 will very likely use UEFI.
Your ability to use MBR or GPT will depend on which interface your system supports:
64-bit Windows 10, 8/8.1, 7, and Vista all require a UEFI-based system to boot from a GPT drive.
32-bit Windows 10 and 8/8.1 require a UEFI-based system to boot from a GPT drive.
32-bit Windows 7 and Vista cannot boot from a GPT drive.
All mentioned Windows versions can read from and write to a GPT drive.
Simply put, partitions are sections on the drive that store data. You always need at least one partition on a drive, or else you can’t save anything.
Although you might only have one physical drive, you can use partitions to split it up, and assign a different drive letter to each partition.
MBR only lets you create four primary partitions. However, you can circumvent this limitation by using logical partitions. This means that you can create three primary partitions, plus an extended partition.
Inside this extended partition, you can have logical partitions.
The biggest limitation with this is that you cannot use logical partitions as boot volumes, which is a type of partition that holds Windows operating system files.
For example, you could have Windows 10 on one partition and Windows 7 on another. For most people this won’t be a problem, unless you want to boot multiple operating systems from the same drive.
GPT doesn’t have the same limitation. You can create up to 128 partitions on a single GPT drive, without needing to use the logical partition workaround.
The 128 limit is dictated by Windows (other operating systems allow for more), but it’s unlikely that you’ll ever be in a situation where you reach that number.
Solid-state drives are still vastly more expensive when compared against their hard disk drive counterparts. But the price gap is closing over time, and so is the capacity available for consumer SSDs.
If you’ve got some cash to spare, you might have a 4TB SSD. The capacity of the drive will dictate your decision of MBR or GPT, as they have different limits.
The technicalities behind it are tricky, but MBR is constrained by the capacity and limited number of its sectors—only 32 bits are available to represent logical sectors.
You can find out more on Microsoft’s TechNet blog, but it means that MBR can only use up to 2TB of storage space. Anything larger than that, and the extra disk space is marked as unallocated and unusable.
GPT allows for 64 bits, which means that the storage limitation is 9.4ZB. That’s a zettabyte, which is one sextillion bytes or a trillion gigabytes.
In practice, what it really means is that GPT has no real-world limit. You can buy any capacity drive and GPT will be able to use all of the space.
MBR stores all the partition and boot data in a single place. This means that if anything gets corrupted, you’ll run into a problem.
If any data gets corrupted with MBR, chances are you’ll only find out when your system fails to boot. Recovery from MBR is possible, but not always successful.
GPT is far superior in that it stores multiple copies of the boot data across several partitions, at the beginning and end of the table headers. If one partition gets corrupted, it can use the other partitions to recover.
Additionally, GPT has error-detecting code that will assess the partition tables on boot and see if there’s anything wrong with them. If it detects errors, GPT can try to repair itself.
Which One Is the Best?
Well, GPT is best. If your drive is more than 2TB, it’s a must-have, though that might not be the case with an SSD. GPT, however is more corruption-resilient and has better management of partitions. It’s the newest and most accurate standard.
SSDs work differently than an HDD, with one of the main advantages being that they can boot Windows very quickly. While MBR and GPT both serve you well here, you’ll need a UEFI-based system to take advantage of those speeds anyway.
As such, GPT makes for the more logical choice based on compatibility.
When should you use MBR, then? Really, only if you want to run old operating systems. The standard user will likely have no desire to do this, especially since SSDs are better suited to current operating systems like Windows 10.
Using a SSD on Windows XP, for example, will significantly reduce the drive’s lifespan and performance due to lack of support for a feature called TRIM.