Advantages and Disadvantages of Cloning Human: Top 20 to Know.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Cloning Humans: Researchers around the world continue to disagree about the implications of cloning, expecting to be able to study it more extensively, but more than 30 countries have already imposed human reproductive cloning bans.
However, for reasons which have little to do with human reproduction, the countries of China, Sweden, England, Israel and Singapore do require cloning.
The benefits and drawbacks of cloning humans also take a philosophical or ethical viewpoint on the process. We do need to look at the research risks that exist when performing this method.
Advantages & Disadvantages of Cloning Humans
List of the Advantages of Cloning Humans
Human cloning may make people more immune to illness.
When discovered in the general population, human cloning processes could help reproduce a natural resistance to illnesses, disorders, and conditions. In as long as diseases have affected mankind, there has been a small number of people who have a natural susceptibility to particular diseases. When the CCR5 gene mutates, a natural resistance against HIV is established. Researchers in West Africa have identified a group of women having natural immunity to the Ebola virus following frequent exposures to it. Human cloning helps us to take advantage of these natural immunities and establish a new degree of immunity and diseases that affect us every year.
Cloning humans will help us remove chromosomal abnormalities and genetic profiles.
If a person has an extra chromosome or one is missing, then the condition is called aneuploidy. When women have children later in life, there is an increased risk of a genetic disorder. It can occur in many common disorders, such as Patau and Edwards syndrome, where an extra chromosome occurs on the 13 or 18. Most infants born with Trisomy 13 or 18 die within their first year of life, and serious congenital disorders can lead to a stillbirth. Human cloning will give us technologies that could prevent such outcomes from occurring. It could also help when something like Turner’s syndrome appears, which happens when a damaged or missing X chromosome affects girls.
Human cloning could bring new developments in medical science.
The process of human cloning will help to bring new developments in medical science. By producing a duplicated human, the prospect of exchanging genetic material may help prevent or cure diseases that can damage the life of that person. It could also build a new line of research similar to what we now see with embryonic stem cell therapies.
Human cloning could allow us to be prepared for global warming.
Evolutionary processes require us to begin adjusting to our planet’s changing circumstances like global warming issues. Future generations may benefit from human cloning, as it would accelerate developmental processes as natural selection seeks to add more power to humanity. We should take from the most resilient people the genetic profile, apply it to new births, and create a society that is ready for the possible challenges ahead.
It could help couples overcome fertility issues.
Couples incapable of conceiving naturally may build children to have an authentic genetic relative by human cloning. Infertility could become an issue of the past as doctors might take each parent’s genetic portrait, implant it into an embryo outside of the body, and probably develop the fetus in a laboratory environment. This approach could benefit countries like Japan battling low birth rates. Despite the implementation of cloning steps, the Japanese community could see a loss of up to 40 million people by 2060.
Human cloning may reduce the effects of diseases in ways that vaccines are unable to.
Human cloning could help us start curing genetic diseases like cystic fibrosis or thalassemia. Genetic engineering may also help us solve complex disorders like heart disease or schizophrenia. A research approach will help us find new ways to counter the natural aging cycle, including the possibility of preventing it. Before conception, babies would no longer have to go through a genetic lottery to determine what their human potential would be in a lifetime. Human cloning could also start reducing the total cost of treating diseases around the world.
Human cloning may lead us towards the production or regeneration of organs.
Around 10,000 people in the U.S. wait on a list on any given day to obtain a vital organ. Most of them would remain in that role for months to come. For certain cases, the waiting time can be even years. Through human cloning processes, we have been able to learn how to replicate organ tissues from existing resources to help bring more positive results in this area. Doctors may continue with cells taken from each patient, instead of waiting for a random donation.
Human cloning will allow us to explore the potential benefits of gene modification.
Nazi Germany took the euthanasia approach and compulsory sterilization as a method to boost their genetic profile. Since the science of cloning, scientists may look into gene alteration without causing harm to others. Human cloning demands an effective method of genetic engineering. Using our current technology, we will be applying bacterial enzymes to locate genes within our DNA to produce the requisite replication modifications. Its system has been in operation since 2015, which means we are not completely unfamiliar with it.
Cloning human beings will help us to correct the conditions for the generation of tomorrow.
Human cloning technologies will allow the medical community to discover and correct the causes behind many of the mental and physical problems of today. Today, about 1 in 10 children in the United States and Europe are taking a drug such as Adderall to deal with attention deficit disorders. Poor decisions about self-control will lead to educational deficiencies that will affect them throughout a lives. It creates a natural difference that can restore their children as they are not in the same socioeconomic classes as “normal” individuals.
Human cloning may help us find new ways of healing from trauma.
Interventional orthopedics is a non-surgical option that uses a patient’s cells to help repair a serious injury. Strains or ligament sprains usually heal with rest in 6 weeks or less. If a tear occurs then the primary alternative for treatment is to apply a tissue graft – particularly for ACL injuries. Doctors put a steeper angle to the new ligament to facilitate the healing process. The new procedure raises the risk of cartilage injury to a patient and of osteoarthritis later in life. Via human cloning practices, the cells may start repairing themselves. This science imagines an opportunity for a speedier recovery because doctors can duplicate the exact cells that the body requires.
Cloning humans will allow the best and brightest of us to continue to impact the planet.
Imagine a future in which, thanks to human cloning, the brightest, most influential people in every research group will start working. What if Albert Einstein was still alive today? If Leonardo da Vinci could work using modern resources instead of what was available in his day, how would our culture change? If human cloning was permitted, art, science, literature, manufacturing and all other industries could see significant advances in innovation. It wouldn’t require immortality, but instead of relying on chance, this method might enable us to ensure more results.
Cloning humans will let us ethically build stem cells.
Most of today’s stem cell lines were developed for research purposes more than 20 years ago. Since there is no deterioration in the quality of the research, if more strands were available, more scientists might search for breakthroughs. Human cloning will allow us to replicate existing cells into multiple lines without having to affect life’s potential. Cloning is a way to create genetically identical cells that may help people achieve better health outcomes, especially if they are suffering from a rare genetic disorder.
List of the Disadvantages of Cloning Humans
Human cloning will still be an incomplete method.
Looking at the success rate of animal cloning, under the best of conditions, a viable embryo is produced only 1 percent of the time. Scientists have attempted to bring back species from extinction without much success using harvested cells, with most offspring dying minutes after birth – if they even hit that stage in the first place. Dolly the Sheep may be a success story, but this downside is the reason that many governments around the world have made it illegal to attempt human cells to achieve that.
Cloning humans would make our genetic makeup, less complex.
If only a handful of distinct genetic organisms exist in a population, this creates a “bottleneck” in which their survival is in great danger. Due to our intimate relationships with each other, we need diversity within our genome to reduce the likelihood of disorders arising. Once humans live within the same genetic profile, different diseases are more likely to occur. Spinal muscle atrophy, Tay-Sachs disease, cystic fibrosis, and other long-term conditions may occur at a risk rate of 10 percent when a genetic bottleneck occurs in individuals.
Cloning humans could alter our individual perceptions.
Cloning humans would produce two individuals with the same genetic profile, at least. Each person should have his or her brains and bodies to be like any other person with a profile of the genome. A person would evolve in a specific way based on their circumstances, but due to the physical similarities involved, there would also be questions about individuality. Persons who do not support the concept of cloning humans will begin treating those who do otherwise. This outcome will ultimately create a world that is theoretically close to what Gattaca depicted in the film.
Cloning humans will become future resources for humans.
Even those who support the development of stem cell and embryonic science are against the concept of deliberately producing embryos for research purposes. If we look at the science of cloning humans, the risk is that society may seek to create medical results for others. Activated cells continue to be a part of human life. Therapeutic human cloning may add to the medical knowledge that we will be able to use in the future, but the costs may be too large to see any benefits from this method.
Cloning humans may build a population that is aging rapidly.
The knowledge cells get as they age is defined within their material structures. When a child starts to develop, it produces genetic data that its genome maintains. We know that cloning is possible but what we do not yet understand is how this method will affect the knowledge stored in our DNA. If age imprinting occurs at a genetic level, then providing mature cells to embryos could create concerns about unforeseen aging. This process could lead to new genetic syndromes, and the risk of premature death could increase.
Cloning humans will change the way we handle sorrow and unexpected loss.
We live in a world where every day, about 15,000 children under the age of 5 dies. This number has dropped significantly since it reached 34,000 in the 1990s, but it is still way too high. One child under the age of 15 dies every five seconds on average, and in the highest mortality countries, the rate is 60 times higher than in those with the lowest rates. The idea of cloning people will alter how grief affects these parents as science might provide them with an exact duplicate. It wouldn’t be the same kid but it would look like the latest offspring and probably behave the same way. If the parents give the same name to this clone, it might feel like the initial loss never happened. This attitude to life could eventually devalue it to the point that if anything bad happens, we shrug apathetically. You just should go and make a substitute.
Cloning humans will initially be a technology priced only for the wealthy.
In our society, human cloning will generate more classism instead of equality, particularly in the early days of the release of this technology. The socio-economic divisions will still be in place because those with wealth could afford more apps, add-ons, or processes for their clones than those struggling to put food on their table. Even if everyone would one day be able to afford to create clones to support their families, the people who could embrace this tech early would still have major advantages over those who did not.
Human cloning will lead to women being abused.
The only way we can start cloning humans is to have enough viable embryos available for use by scientists. IVF centers in the United States have over 400,000 of them in storage, but the need will be much greater than this. Scientists will need to create enough cloned fetuses to generate sufficiently viable stem cell lines. Women would get injections of drugs that would help them ovulate rapidly. Then, an invasive procedure will be needed to extract eggs to start the embryo-making cycle. Also under the conditions of today’s best practices, up to 5% of women experience hyperstimulation when they start IVF treatments. This is a side effect that in some cases leads to chronic abdominal pain, reproductive health problems, and infertility.
Cloning humans also causes a “Sixth Day” discussion on ethics. Many of our creation myths indicate that two humans were created by a deity to begin to inhabit our world. This scientific experiment would alter the cycle, such that the only way to have children would not be natural reproduction. Anyone with a certain selection of cells and a laboratory environment that can develop a fetus may theoretically duplicate themselves.
When we discuss the benefits and drawbacks of cloning humans, we ask ourselves the more important philosophical questions which do not have answers. Does every copy have a soul? Transfers consciousness into a new body? Is a human clone age faster than a descendent created by more natural methods? There are questions that we do not have to answer just yet, however cloning research is progressing. Such important points may need to be answered early.